Ambien and Xanax are often used by people to treat neurological disorders and improve mental health. The drugs contain the active substances Zolpidem and Alprazolam, which affect brain activity, but do so in different ways.
Despite some similar properties, both drugs have a number of unique features. Therefore, the indications for Ambien and Xanax differ, though not in every case.
Ambien vs Xanax: indications and duration of use
Ambien is a sedative-hypnotic drug that is used to treat insomnia. The drug is prescribedto patients when sleeping problems are causing severe distress or are debilitating for the patient.
- Ambien pills were approved by the FDA in 1992 for short-term treatment of trouble falling asleep. The drug should be taken for as short as possible. The maximum treatment duration should not exceed 28 days.
- Xanax tablets are approved by the FDA in 1981 to alleviate symptoms of anxiety or panic disorder. The drug can be used to treat severe mental disorders, yet for no longer than 8 weeks.
Xanax belongs to a group of drugs known as benzodiazepines. Like all drugs from this group, Xanax exerts a sedative effect and causes drowsiness.
Despite the fact that the FDA has not approved Xanax for the treatment of insomnia, doctors sometimes prescribe this drug to improve sleep. Especially if problems with sleep are caused by depression.
Before Ambien and Xanax were approved, the FDA studied the results of clinical trials of these drugs. Based on the evaluation of clinical trials, it was determined that both drugs are effective, although adverse reactions may occur during their use.
Ambien vs Xanax: side effects
The use of Ambien or Xanax tablets affects the transmission of signals between neurons of the brain, which is confirmed by clinical trials. The body’s response to both medications can be noxious and unintended.
Xanax causes side effects more often,than Ambien. Perhaps, this is due to the fact that:
- Xanax appeared on the market earlier and a lot of postmarketing research was conducted.
- Xanax can be used for 8 weeks, and prolonged use of any drugs increases the risk of side effects.
Both drugs can cause the same side effects, like abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, decreased libido, headache, dizziness, insomnia and allergic reactions. Typically, these reactions are mild and self-extinguishing after a few days or after the drugsdiscontinuation.
Participants of clinical trials on Xanax sometimes complained of side effects that do not occur during the period of Ambienuse. This list includes a decrease in appetite, weight loss, increased libido and some other adverse reactions.
Conclusion: Which is Better – Ambien vs Xanax?
Ambien is a more modern medicine than Xanax and is less likely to cause side effects. Ambien, however,is prescribed only for short-term use and will not help patients with chronic insomnia.
Ambien and Xanax have their advantages and disadvantages, yet the benefits of their use exceeds the potential risks by far. Both drugs reduce the activity of nerve cells, which leads to sedation.
Ambien and Xanax drugs contain different active ingredients and have different indications. Therefore, studies aimed at comparing the efficacy of these drugs were never held.